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Small and Medium Size Enterprises Statistics in Turkey

Small and medium scaled businesses are important role in Turkey’s economy. SMEs are greatly contributing to Turkey’s economy in terms of employment, economic growth, export and creation of jobs. Turkish economy is heavily dominated by SMEs and large enterprises making up only a small fraction of firms. 

An enterprise which has less than 250 employees and its annual net sales or annual financial balance-sheet is less than 40 Million TL is defined as SME in legislative in Turkey.

SMEs in terms of economy

  • SMEs account for 99.9% of total number of enterprises in all economy.
  • 4% of export by SMEs (2014)
  • 8% of import by SMEs (2014)
  • SMEs provide %74 of employment (2013)
  • SMEs provide %52.8 of value added in the whole economy (2013)
  • The SME sector in Turkey grew 2.5% in 2012

 

SMEs classified as micro, small and medium enterprises.

HTML Table Example

CriteriaMicro-sized SMESmall-sized SMEMedium-sized SME
Employee number< 10 < 50  < 250  
Annual net sales or
Annual financial balance-sheet
≤ 1 Million TL≤ 8 Million TL≤ 40 Million TL

SMEs distribution in economy

 

Micro-sized SME

Small-sized SME

Medium-sized SME

Big-sized enterprise

Number (2013) 

 3,303,210

190,554  

30,567  

5,210

Proportion (2013)

93.6%

5.4%  

0.9%  

0.1%

SMEs in terms of export-import

 

Micro-sized SME

Small-sized SME

Medium-sized SME

Big-sized enterprise

Export (2014) 

 17.3%

20.7%  

18.4%  

43.5%

Import (2014)

6.2% 

13.2%  

18.4%  

62.2%

Top 5 cities having the highest number of SME workplaces

City

Number of SME workplaces (August 2014)

Number of SME workplaces (August 2015)

Istanbul

480,341

497,023

Ankara

129,794

134,695

Izmir

113,913 

118,653

Bursa 

66,983

70,074

Antalya 

66,905

70,072

Other cities 

773,146

812,535

Total number 

1,631,082

1,703,052

Top 5 sectors having the highest number of SME workplaces

Sector

Number of SME workplaces (August 2014)

Number of SME workplaces (August 2015)

Retail trade

284,649

296,325

Building construction

117,965

126,064

Wholesale trade

109,858

119,826

Land transport and transport via pipelines

115,563

117,102

Food and bevarage service activities

93,836

100,230

Other sectors 

909,211

943,505

Total number 

1,631,082

1,703,052

 


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